Joseph H. Rainey, first Black congressman, honored at U.S. Capitol

Joseph H. Rainey, who used to be born into slavery in 1832 and went directly to grow to be the country’s first Black congressman, used to be commemorated on the U.S. Capitol remaining week. 

“Find out about the historical past. Know their historical past,” mentioned Consultant Jim Clyburn in an interview with CBS Information. Clyburn famous that after he used to be elected in 1992, he used to be simplest the 9th Black American from South Carolina elected to Congress.

Joseph H. Rainey’s great-granddaughter Lorna Rainey addresses the target audience and newshounds all the way through a information convention to unveil the Joseph H. Rainey Room on the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Thursday, Feb. 3, 2022. 

Place of job of Majority Whip Clyburn

“The issue is there are 95 years between No. 8 and No. 9,” mentioned Clyburn, who’s now the Majority Whip and third-most robust member of Congress. “Anything else that is took place prior to can occur once more. Jim Crow took place as soon as and it might occur once more. Find out about the historical past.”  

Rainey’s great-granddaughter Lorna Rainey mentioned in an interview that her great-aunt, Rainey’s daughter, used to inform her about him since he used to be in only a few historical past books. Lorna Rainey mentioned her great-aunt would say “Lorna, you’ll be the only to inform everybody in regards to the Congressman.” 

She mentioned that Rainey’s father, Edward, labored as a barber, probably the most few different professions that slaves have been allowed to tackle, even if regulation required them to offer the grasp a part of their profits. Through the years, he stored sufficient cash to shop for the circle of relatives’s freedom. 

When the Civil Battle broke out, Confederates swept throughout the town enlisting each able-bodied guy, unfastened or no longer. Joseph Rainey used to be put to paintings on fortifications round Charleston Harbor. Taking a well-planned direction, he escaped to Bermuda the place slavery were abolished twenty years prior to, and in a while after, he used to be joined via his spouse Susan. They remained in Bermuda till the tip of the Civil Battle. 

Rainey returned to the united stateswith a resolution to lend a hand the newly freed Black slaves and others avail themselves of the brand new alternatives that were promised. He felt one of the best ways to try this used to be via getting into politics; to paintings inside the gadget to succeed in profound and lasting adjustments. 

Rainey gained a unique election to Congress and used to be seated on December 12, 1870. As soon as elected, he championed the rights of the Freedmen, Chinese language railroad employees, and Local American citizens in addition to all his constituents. He used to be a member of the Area Indian Affairs Committee. 

Clyburn stressed out that his personal mom instructed him “the actual Black historical past that you just will have to learn.” 

Clyburn used to be joined via Area Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Minority Whip Steve Scalise, Congresswoman Joyce Beatty of Ohio and Congressman Tom Rice of South Carolina to commit a room for Rainey, Room H-150 within the Capitol, the place he regularly labored. A plaque used to be positioned outdoor the room in his honor.

Consultant Jim Clyburn unveils the he Joseph H. Rainey Room on the U.S. Capitol.

Place of job of Majority Whip Clyburn

Joseph Rainey additionally has been commemorated in his house district in recent times. In mid -2021, Lorna Rainey won a choice from Congressman Tim Rice’s workplace whose district encompasses her great-grandfather’s former district. They sought after to call their logo new Put up Place of job after him and sought after to get approval from the Rainey circle of relatives.  

“After all, I used to be all too overjoyed to offer my assent,” Lorna Rainey mentioned. The formal rite used to be in Georgetown, S.C. on November 9, 2021. 

Lorna Rainey mentioned she inherited the similar never-quit perspective from her great-grandfather, which she mentioned impressed her to start out her personal corporate, Skill Specific Control, in 1991, after she used to be given what she regarded as an unethical ultimatum. At the moment, she used to be the one minority agent outdoor of Big apple.

She additionally famous her father’s legacy as a devoted husband and father. She mentioned when the Pink Shirts, who later become referred to as the Ku Klux Klan, threatened him with demise and physically hurt, he moved his circle of relatives to Windsor, Connecticut, however persevered doing “the folk’s paintings.”  His worry for his circle of relatives led him to ensure they have been secure even if his personal existence used to be in peril. 

“Nice-grandfather used to be no longer just a fierce and decided baby-kisser dedicated to elevating the standard of existence for Americans, he used to be additionally a devoted husband and father,” Lorna Rainey mentioned.

Disclosure: The creator of this tale is represented via Lorna Rainey’s corporate, Skill Specific.

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